Our Laboratory caters for all diagnostic tests, invloving human fluids, i.e Blood, urine, stools, sperm togethere with other body fluids.

We offer a phlebotomy (bleeding) service, at Saint James Hospital in;

Sliema - Opening hours are from 8.00 to 18.30 daily (Saturday 8.30 - 13.00) - Tel: 21334997

Zabbar - Opening hours are from 8.30 to 14.00 &  15.00 to 18.30 daily  (Saturday 8.30 - 13.00) - Tel: 21677973

Mosta branch - Mosta branch is open Monday, Wednesday and Friday from 16.30 - 18.00 and Saturday mornings by appointment.- Tel: 21433146

The following are the main 5 different branches in the lab;

1. Histopathology
Histopathology  is the microscopic examination of tissue in order to study the manifestations of disease mainly refering s to the examination of a biopsy or surgical specimen by a Pathologist, after the specimen has been processed and histological sestionss have been placed onto glass slides. This is the most important tool of the histopathologist in routine clinical diagnosis of cancer and other diseases.

2. Cytology

Cytology, studies cell str  cell composition, and the interaction of cells with other cells and the larger environment in which they exist. Cytology can also refer to cytopathology, which analyzes cell structure to diagnose disease.

In a simple test like a complete blood count, we can look at white blood cells and identify the presence of an infection, or it may examine a low level of certain types of red blood cells and diagnose anaemia.

Cytopathology tends to look for cells that should not be present in an organism. Urinalysis and blood tests, for example, can scan for the presence of parasites or bacteria which can cause illness and death. Hence, in cytology, understanding single-celled organisms like many forms of bacteria is as important as understanding multi-cellular structures.

Cytopathology is also one of the main diagnostic tools for detecting cancer. A woman's yearly gynecological exam almost always involves a pap smear, used in the early detection of formations of cancer cells. Early detection can lead to greater survival rates. Similarly, needle biopsies of lumps in the breast or elsewhere can detect cancer cells and provide an excellent means for diagnosis.

ThinPrep PapTest

3. Bacteriology

The study of bacteria and infections in the human body.

Bacteriology is the study of bacteria. It comprises the identification, classification and characterization of bacterial species. Bacteria are identified by their properties, what nutrients they can grow on or not grow on, what temperature they require for growth, what substances they produce, etc. To study morphology, that is the shape of bacteria, a microscope is used.

The gram stain, is one of the commonest staining techniques used to visualize and classify bacteria.

Bacteria are grown in a laboratory so as to provide the doctor a list of suitable antibiotics to treat infections.


4. Haemotology

Hematology is the study of all the different types of components and blood cells in the blood and all relevant diseases concerning the blood. Most common diseases are anaemias, leukemias, and all mechanisms of coagulation of the blood.

The most common tests performedis the complete blood count (cbc) which includes the red cell count, white cell count and the platelet count together with the haemoglobin and the red cell parameters.

Another branch in Haematology is blood transfusion. We test for blood grouping and compatability between patient and donors.

5. Biochemistry
This is a very vast field of laboratory testing whereby from the study of the chemistry of the blood one can determine the function of most major organs of the body.